# Equity Multiplier Formula, Example, Analysis, Calculator

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When using D/E ratio, it is very important to consider the industry in which the company operates. Because different industries have different capital needs and growth rates, a D/E ratio value that’s common in one industry might be a red flag in another. Higher financial leverage, such as a higher equity multiple, drives ROE upward as long as all other factors remain equal. On the face of it, Samsung may appear less risky than Apple because of its lower multiplier. With interest rates at record lows since the 2008 financial crisis, Apple has taken the opportunity to access cheap funding on several occasions over the last few years. It can justify borrowing because its revenues grew by an average of just over 11% a year between 2018 and 2021, much higher than the interest rate charged by lenders.

Investors can compare a company’s D/E ratio with the average for its industry and those of competitors to gain a sense of a company’s reliance on debt. In fact, debt can enable the company to grow and generate additional income. But if a company has grown increasingly reliant on debt or inordinately so for its industry, potential investors will want to investigate further. Short-term debt also increases a company’s leverage, of course, but because these liabilities must be paid in a year or less, they aren’t as risky. If both companies have \$1.5 million in shareholder equity, then they both have a D/E ratio of 1.

## Example of D/E Ratio

The term equity multiplier refers to a risk indicator that measures the portion of a company’s assets that is financed by shareholders' equity rather than by debt. The equity multiplier is calculated by dividing a company's total asset value by the total equity held in the company's stock. A high equity multiplier indicates that a company is using a high amount of debt How To Calculate The Debt Ratio Using The Equity Multiplier to finance its assets. A low equity multiplier means that the company has less reliance on debt. The equity multiplier is also known as the leverage ratio or financial leverage ratio and is one of three ratios used in the DuPont analysis. Equity multiplier is a financial ratio that measures the amount of the company’s assets that are financed by shareholders’ equity.

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To get a clearer picture and facilitate comparisons, analysts and investors will often modify the D/E ratio. They also assess the D/E ratio in the context of short-term leverage ratios, profitability, and growth expectations. In general, lower equity multipliers are better for investors, but this can vary between industries and companies with particular industries. In some cases, a low equity multiplier could actually indicate that the company cannot find willing lenders; or it could also signal that a company's growth prospects are low. An equity multiplier of 5.0x would indicate that the value of its assets is five times larger than its equity.

## The Relationship between ROE and EM

The advantages of an equity multiplier are that it offers a glimpse of a company's capital structure, which can help investors make investment decisions. You can use the equity multiplier calculator below to quickly measure how much of a company’s total assets are funded by debt and by equity, by entering the required numbers. In general, investors look for companies with a low equity multiplier because this indicates the company is using more equity and less debt to finance the purchase of assets. The debt ratio is the ratio of total debt relative to the total assets. The debt ratio indicates the percentage of total assets that are financed using debt. The values for the total assets and the shareholder’s equity are available on the balance sheet and can be calculated by anyone with access to the company’s annual financial reports.

Equity multiplier is a leverage ratio that measures the portion of the company’s assets that are financed by equity. It is calculated by dividing the company’s total assets by the total shareholder equity. The equity multiplier is also used to indicate the level of debt financing that a firm has used to acquire assets and maintain operations. An equity multiplier and a debt ratio are financial leverage ratios that show how a company uses debt to finance its assets.

## Equity Multiplier Calculator

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In contrast, a lower equity multiplier indicates that the company is more likely to fund its assets with its shareholders’ equity. Like many other financial metrics, the equity multiplier has a few limitations. For example, total assets can be reduced because of this, leading to a skewed metric.

The more debt the company carries relative to the size of its balance sheet, the higher the debt ratio. Both the debt ratio and equity multiplier are used to measure a company’s level of debt. Companies finance their assets through debt and equity, which form the foundation of both formulas.

The equity multiplier of 1.00 means the company financed (buy) all its assets by using its shareholders’ equity. Thus, the ratio of less than 1 indicates that the company using only the shareholders’ equity. In contrast, the ratio of more than 1 indicates that the company financed its assets by using both debt and equity. Divide the company's total assets https://kelleysbookkeeping.com/about-form-4868-application-for-automatic/ by its known equity multiplier to find the company's total stockholders' equity. For example, if Company X has an equity multiplier of 2, divide \$2 million (Company X's total assets) by 2 to get a total stockholders' equity of \$1 million. This equity multiplier indicates that for every dollar in stockholder's equity, Company X has \$2 in assets.

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Debt-financed growth may serve to increase earnings, and if the incremental profit increase exceeds the related rise in debt service costs, then shareholders should expect to benefit. However, if the additional cost of debt financing outweighs the additional income that it generates, then the share price may drop. The cost of debt and a company’s ability to service it can vary with market conditions. As a result, borrowing that seemed prudent at first can prove unprofitable later under different circumstances. In the financial year to the end of September 2021, Apple’s accounts show it had \$351 billion of total assets and its total shareholder’s equity was \$63 billion. A lower equity multiplier indicates that the company financed its assets with its shareholders’ equity.

• The result means that Apple had \$1.80 of debt for every dollar of equity.
• An equity multiplier of 5.0x would indicate that the value of its assets is five times larger than its equity.
• A low equity multiplier means it funds the majority of its purchases with equity, so it must have a relatively light debt burden.
• We can see below that for the fiscal year (FY) ended 2017, Apple had total liabilities of \$241 billion (rounded) and total shareholders’ equity of \$134 billion, according to the company’s 10-K statement.
• It is calculated by dividing the company’s total assets by the total shareholder equity.
• In the final step, we will input these figures into our formula from earlier, which divides the average total assets by the total shareholder’s equity.